Women with acute coronary syndromes have lower rates of cardiac catheterization (CC) than men.
The objective of the RACE-CAR study was to determine whether sex/gender, age, risk level and patient preference influence physician decision making to refer patients for cardiac catheterization (CC).
Twelve clinical scenarios controlling for sex⁄gender, age (55 or 75 years of age), Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score (low, moderate or high) and patient preference for CC (agreeable or refused⁄no preference expressed) were designed. Scenarios were administered to specialists across Canada using a web-based computerized survey instrument.
Assessment of physician decision and referral patterns for cardiac catherization.
The co-Principal Investigator on the RACE-CAR study was Catherine Kreatsoulas, at the time a PhD student in epidemiology at McMaster University under the supervision of Sonia Anand.
Survey participants blinded to primary objective
237 clinical scenarios
2006 - 2007
Sonia Anand is Professor, Medicine and Epidemiology, McMaster University, Director of the university’s Population Genomics Program, and Associate Chair, Diversity and Equity, Department of Medicine.
Her present research focuses upon the environmental and genetic determinants of vascular disease in populations of varying ancestral origin, women and cardiovascular disease. She has published more than 200 articles in peer review journals, has been inducted into the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, and received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.
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