Women with acute coronary syndromes have lower rates of cardiac catheterization (CC) than men.
The objective of the RACE-CAR study was to determine whether sex/gender, age, risk level and patient preference influence physician decision making to refer patients for cardiac catheterization (CC).
Twelve clinical scenarios controlling for sex⁄gender, age (55 or 75 years of age), Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score (low, moderate or high) and patient preference for CC (agreeable or refused⁄no preference expressed) were designed. Scenarios were administered to specialists across Canada using a web-based computerized survey instrument.
Assessment of physician decision and referral patterns for cardiac catherization.
The co-Principal Investigator on the RACE-CAR study was Catherine Kreatsoulas, at the time a PhD student in epidemiology at McMaster University under the supervision of Sonia Anand.
Survey participants blinded to primary objective
237 clinical scenarios
2006 - 2007
Sonia Anand is a Professor, Medicine and Epidemiology at McMaster University; Associate Chair, Diversity and Equity in McMaster’s Department of Medicine; Director of McMaster’s Population Genomics Program; inaugural Chair, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) Committee of the Canadian Cardiovascular Society; and Director, Chanchlani Research Centre for Global Health at McMaster, among other roles.
Her present research focuses upon the environmental and genetic determinants of vascular disease in populations of varying ancestral origin, women and cardiovascular disease. Sonia has published more than 200 articles in peer review journals. Shas been inducted into the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, and received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.
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