PVC-RAM-3 is a multicentre, parallel group, superiority, randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of virtual care with remote automated monitoring (RAM) technology, compared to standard care on index hospital length of stay in adults who have undergone elective non-cardiac surgery.

Patients in the experimental group will receive a tablet computer and RAM technology, which measured blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, temperature, and weight.

For 14 days, patients will perform daily biophysical measurements, take wound photographs, complete symptom surveys and interact with nurses and physicians virtually.

In the standard-care group, patients received post-hospital discharge management according to their centre’s usual care.

Primary outcome: Index hospital length of stay

Secondary outcomes:
• Acute-hospital care (ED visit, urgent care centre visit, hospital readmission)
• Detection and correction of medication errors
• Surgical site infection
• Days in hospital
• Pain at 15 and 30 days after randomization
• Medication optimization for long term health

In PCV-RAM-3, patients are randomized before surgery (versus at discharge in PVC-1).

Study Type

Interventional - Device

Study Design

Parallel group RCT

NO. of Countries


NO. of Sites


NO. of Participants


Study Period

2021 - 2023


PHRI, Hamilton Health Sciences

Cloud DX

Back To Top